Could the Cold War have been avoided?

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1. Compare Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points, 1918” (document 1) to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms, 1941” (document 2). In what ways do you think Wilson’s ideas influenced Roosevelt?

2. If Wilson’s Fourteen Points had been fully implemented in the Treaty of Versailles (1919), which points do you think might have avoided future conflicts? Could World War II have been avoided? Could the Cold War have been avoided?

  1. Apply Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms to the Cold War. In what ways do you think Roosevelt’s ideas continued to influence American leaders into the Cold War era?