How do individuals with the different leadership styles described in your Learning Resources make decisions? Using examples from your own personal work experience, how  are those decisions perceived by teammates or other employees based on  the different leadership styles?

DISCUSSION BOARD DUE THURSDAY BY 11:59PM 250 WORDS… CITE ALL REFERENCES

 

To prepare for this Discussion,  review this week’s Learning Resources related to leadership and emotional intelligence.

Post a comprehensive response to the following:

  1. Explain what is meant by “Leaders are not born, they are made.” What are the key differences between a manager and a leader?
  2. How do the components of emotional intelligence (EI) influence decision making and leadership in health care? (See Table 1, EI article.) What can you do to develop EI in your current or future managerial role?

_______________________________________________________________________________

ASSIGNMENT DUE SUNDAY BY 11:59 CITE ALL REFERENCES 4000 LEVEL CLASS

 

As entrepreneur John C. Maxwell points out, “A leader is one who  knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way.” We have all been  influenced by leaders at some point in our lives. Individuals who know  the way act in a way that achieves the set goals and demonstrates to  others how to accomplish the tasks at hand.

To prepare for this Assignment, consider the characteristics of leaders described in your Learning Resources.

By Day 7

Write a 1- to 2-page paper that identifies the following:

  1. What is the true value of leadership in decision making?
  2. How do individuals with the different leadership styles described in your Learning Resources make decisions?
  3. Using examples from your own personal work experience, how  are those decisions perceived by teammates or other employees based on  the different leadership styles?
  4. What leadership style do you believe is most effective in a health care setting of your choice?

Be sure to support your work with specific citations from  this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as  appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure that your in-text citations and reference list are correct.

_____________________________________________________

RESOURCES

 

Course Text: Buchbinder, S. B., Shanks, N. H., & McConnell, C. R. (2012). Introduction to healthcare management. (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Chapter 7, “Leaders and Managers”

This chapter examines the relationship between leadership and the culture of health care organizations. The author describes various types of leadership and highlights characteristics of effective leadership different styles in different health care settings.

Chapter 9, “Decision Making and Problem Solving”

Decisions made in health care can mean life or death for patients. While not every decision is life altering, most decisions made by health care managers can impact the organization’s ability to provide care. In this chapter, the author introduces problem solving and decision making from the role of the health care manager.

Chapter 6, “Team Leadership”

Various teams function within the health care setting. This chapter examines the characteristics of effective teams and identifies the common reasons for team failure.

Book: Borkowski, N. (2011). Organizational behavior in health care (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
 
 Chapter 1, “Overview and History of Organizational Behavior”
Borkowski, N. (2011). Organizational Behavior in Health Care, 2e. Copyright 2011 by Jones & Bartlett Learning. Reprinted by permission.
 
Organizational behavior is an applied behavioral science that has significant implications on the diverse array of professionals that work in the health care field. This introductory chapter will identify the major challenges facing health care organizations. The author highlights important research into how people behave in organizations.
 

Article: Freshman, B., & Rubino, L. (2002). Emotional intelligence: A core competency for health care administrators. The Health Care Manager, 20(4), 1–9. Retrieved from http://auth.waldenulibrary.org/ezpws.exe?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mnh&AN=12083173&site=ehost-live&scope=site
 
Emotional intelligence, or EI, includes critical management skills that are beneficial to health care managers. This article highlights the proficiencies in intrapersonal and interpersonal skills that are important in order to develop to enhance health care manager’s abilities.
 

Search the Walden Library for articles on any or all of these dimensions. Keep in mind that your focus is on current developments and that articles you select should have been published within the last three years.

: Annotated Bibliography

Revisit Miriam, the graduate nurse whose specialty area is critical care. As Miriam’s practicum experience proceeds, she is increasingly interested in new technology and best practices in the care of acutely ill patients. Looking ahead to her work as a nurse educator, Miriam has begun researching scholarly articles on new developments in critical care. Her purpose is to both expand her own knowledge and create an annotated bibliography that she can share with her students.

In this Assignment, you gather information on advancements in your practicum specialty.

To Prepare

  • Reflect on your specialty of interest and your practicum experience. What key topics, processes, best practices, advancements, and technologies have you seen or heard about?
  • Search the Walden Library for articles on any or all of these dimensions. Keep in mind that your focus is on current developments and that articles you select should have been published within the last three years.

To Complete

  • Create an annotated bibliography that consists of 10 scholarly, peer-reviewed articles.
  • For each article:
    • Provide a brief summary (4–5 sentences).
    • Explain why this article is relevant (1–2 sentences).
    • Explain the application of the findings of the article to practice (1–2 sentences).
    •  

      Pathophysiology and Nursing Management of Clients Health – Genetic Alterations and Cancer

      The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a nationwide, community-based, voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem. Together with its supporters, ACS is committed to helping people stay well and get well by finding cures and by fighting back.

      Critical Thinking Questions:

      1. Imagine that a family friend or colleague has just been diagnosed with cancer. Explain how the American Cancer Society might provide education and support. What ACS services would you recommend and why?
      2. According to statistics published by the American Cancer Society, there will be an estimated 1.5 million new cancer cases diagnosed each year over the next decade. What factors contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans? What changes in policy and practice are most likely to affect these figures over time
      3. Select a research program from among those funded by the American Cancer Society. Describe the program and discuss what impact the research will have on the prevention or treatment of cancer.

Explain why you selected these theories. Support your approach with evidence-

  Practicum – Week 1 Journal Entry  

As a future advanced practice nurse, it is important that you are able to connect your classroom experience to your practicum experience. By applying the concepts you study in the classroom to clinical settings, you enhance your professional competency. Each week, you complete an Assignment that prompts you to reflect on your practicum experiences and relate them to the material presented in the classroom. This week, you begin documenting your practicum experiences in your Practicum Journal.

                                                                  The Assignment 

In preparation for this course’s practicum experience, address the following in your Practicum Journal:

· Select one nursing theory and one counseling theory to best guide your practice

in psychotherapy.
Note: For guidance on nursing and counseling theories, refer to this week’s 

   Learning Resources. 

· Explain why you selected these theories. Support your approach with evidence-

based literature.

· Develop at least three goals and at least three objectives for the practicum

experience in this course.

· Create a timeline of practicum activities based on your practicum requirements.

NOTE: THE Practicum Journal Template (Word document) IS ATTACHED WITH 

                THIS ASSIGNMENT.

                                                     Learning Resources

Required Readings

Wheeler, K. (Ed.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice. New York, NY: Springer.

  • Chapter      11, “Group Therapy” (pp. 407–428)

Nichols, M. (2014). The essentials of family therapy (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

  • Chapter 1, “The Foundations of Family Therapy” (pp.      1–6)
  • Chapter      2, “The Evolution of Family Therapy” (pp. 7–28)

Breeskin, J. (2011). Procedures and guidelines for group therapy. The Group Psychologist, 21(1). Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-49/publications/newsletter/group-psychologist/2011/04/group-procedures.aspx

Khawaja, I. S., Pollock, K., & Westermeyer, J. J. (2011). The diminishing role of psychiatry in group psychotherapy: A commentary and recommendations for change. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 8(11), 20–23. Retrieved from http://innovationscns.com/

Koukourikos, K., & Pasmatzi, E. (2014). Group therapy in psychotic inpatients. Health Science Journal, 8(3), 400–408. Retrieved from http://www.hsj.gr/medicine/group-therapy-in-psychotic-inpatients.php?aid=2644

Lego, S. (1998). The application of Peplau’s theory to group psychotherapy. Journal of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, 5(3), 193–196. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2850.1998.00129.x

McClanahan, K. K. (2014). Can confidentiality be maintained in group therapy? Retrieved from http://nationalpsychologist.com/2014/07/can-confidentiality-be-maintained-in-group-therapy/102566.html

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2014). HIPAA privacy rule and sharing information related to mental health. Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/special/mhguidancepdf.pdf

                                                        Required Media

Sommers, G., Feldman, S., & Knowlton, K. (Producers). (2008a). Legal and ethical issues for mental health professionals, volume 1: Confidentiality, privilege, reporting, and duty to warn [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA: Psychotherapy.net.

A good budget is built with thoughtful consideration of future costs and revenue. Though your budget is formulated with expected figures in mind, the actual resulting values may vary considerably. This variance–from projected to actual–can be a pleasant surprise or a fiscal nightmare and can make financial decision making difficult. Fortunately, variance analysis can enable management to determine why variance occurred and what can be done to mitigate its effects.

Having a budget is critical for the financial stability of an organization. Keeping track of how well the organization is actually adhering to the budget, and subsequent identification of why the budget numbers are being missed is equally important. Without this critical “why” piece, it is difficult to make the necessary adjustments to the budget or to organizational behavior that might be promoting overspending.

A good budget is built with thoughtful consideration of future costs and revenue. Though your budget is formulated with expected figures in mind, the actual resulting values may vary considerably. This variance–from projected to actual–can be a pleasant surprise or a fiscal nightmare and can make financial decision making difficult. Fortunately, variance analysis can enable management to determine why variance occurred and what can be done to mitigate its effects.

Formula need to be shown with correct anwers

  • Use the Excel spreadsheet template for the Week 8 assignment
  • Show all your calculations and formulas in the spreadsheet.
  • Answer any questions included with the problems (as text in the Excel spreadsheet).
  • attachment

    week8template.xlsx

    Details:

    Create a PowerPoint presentation based on the application of the functional health assessment of a movie character. To complete this assignment, choose a movie from the following list and identify a character from the movie on whom you would like to do a health assessment.

    (CHOOSE JUST ONE MOVIE PLEASE)

    Films:

    1. Away From Her
    2. Lorenzo’s Oil
    3. Mask
    4. My Sister’s Keeper
    5. Rain Man
    6. Philadelphia
    7. Steel Magnolias
    8. Stepmom
    9. The Elephant Man
    10. The Mighty
    11. The Tic Code

    Directions:

    1. Create a PowerPoint presentation of 12 slides using the template “Movie Character      Presentation.”
    2. Provide an introduction and      background overview of the movie character (client).
    3. Assess the client using the      “Functional Health Pattern Assessment.”
    4. Based on your      “observations” and thoughts, document your assessment, providing      examples from the movie.
    5. Describe any observed or      potential cultural, geographic, religious, ethnic, or spiritual      considerations of this client.
    6. Describe two normal health patterns of the client as      well as two abnormal health patterns that you observe, and provide      examples.
    7. Develop an appropriate nursing      diagnosis for the client based on your assessment.
    8. Identify and describe three      interventions for the client: health promotion, health prevention, and      maintenance.
    9. Identify at least two possible      resources or community services to which you would refer this client and      provide rationale for your choices.

    MINIMUM OF 3 REFERENCES, NO PLAGIARISM PLEASE

Discuss any consideration to the patient’s cultural needs that were incorporated into the design of the patient education sheet. 

Patient Education Sheet

This assignment consists of two important techniques needed to ensure patient safety and quality outcomes related to pharmacological therapies.

For this assignment, assume your supervisor has asked you to develop a patient education tool for new “medication starts” in your current area of practice. You will complete a literature search in order to discover current information (less than 5 years old) on the medication. This information will then be utilized to prepare a single-page, evidence-based teaching tool that highlights patient safety. In the second part of the assignment, you will describe the process of creating the tool, based on your findings, in a short, scholarly report.  Instructions:

Part 1: Patient Education Sheet

•Create a patient education sheet. You can either choose an idea from below or choose your own topic:  ◦Antibiotics (Amoxil/Amoxicillin) for pediatric ear infections.

◦Statin therapy (Zocor/Simvastatin) for a newly diagnosed patient with hypercholesterolemia.

◦Antihypertensive (ACE Inhibitors/Lisinopril/Zestril) for a patient who was discovered to have hypertension at a work health screening.

◦Drugs for treating gastric acidity: Proton pump inhibitors/antacids/H2 blockers for a patient complaining of chronic indigestion and heart burn.

◦Ear drops or eye drops for an elderly patient.

◦Any newly released medication for a patient in your typical practice (can be a new drug for diabetes, hypertension, or arthritis; or a new antibiotic).

•Research the medication you have chosen and determine what information needs to be included on a patient education sheet. As you are aware, different drugs have different safety factors that have to be discussed to increase compliance and patient safety.

◦What information does the patient or caretaker of a patient need to know?

◦Choose the categories that you feel are the most important to highlight for your patients (remember that you are creating a single-page education sheet.)

◾Limit yourself to 3–5 categories to improve patient understanding. Examples of categories could include, but are not limited to, common indications, side effects, questions to ask your doctor, contraindications, and drug storage and disposal.

◾Use pictures that help reinforce education.

•Attach the patient education sheet as an appendix to your paper or attach it as a separate document.

Part 2: Justification of Information

•Justify why you decided to highlight your specific educational topics.

•Describe your chosen categories and explain why you felt these were key issues for patient safety.

•Discuss any consideration to the patient’s cultural needs that were incorporated into the design of the patient education sheet.

•Explain why you feel those format or design elements were important.  Additional Requirements

•Length of patient education sheet: 1 page.

•Length of justification paper: 2–3 pages.

•References: Support your decisions with references to this week’s readings and other current (less than 5 years old) peer-reviewed journal articles and evidence-based materials. Demonstrate your understanding of the relationship between patient safety, quality outcomes, and pharmacology.

•Formatting: Follow proper APA style and formatting.

What vulnerable populations are identified in your county? Are there groups of individuals who have health disparities? Are there issues related to access to care within your county? If so, what are they?

 How Healthy is Your Community?

The expression “Think Globally, Act Locally” guides your Discussion this week. By accessing information from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, you will have the opportunity to learn how healthy your community is. You will identify the key health issues and vulnerable populations in your own county. Understanding the factors that influence the health status of residents in your county will provide you with a local perspective to compare to global health challenges you will examine in weeks to come.

To prepare for this Discussion, first learn a little about the health statistics for your county. If you are not located in the U.S., pick a state and county you might like to visit or know more about to complete this assignment. Go to the Community Health Status Indicators Report, and select your state and county to review your local report.
http://wwwn.cdc.gov/CommunityHealth/homepage.aspx?j=1

Then, go to the Walden Library and find at least one recent (within last 5 years) article in addition to your Learning Resources to document, and support, the concepts you include in your Discussion post. For suggestions to help with your search, visit the Library http://library.waldenu.edu/908.htm

By Day 4, post a comprehensive response to the following:

Using the information available on the Community Health Status Indicators Report, provide a summary of the following information in your county. Use the article(s) you located, as well as your Learning Resources, to support your answers to the following questions in your post:

1. Identify your county and state.
2. How healthy is your county? What evidence did you use to come to your conclusion?
3. What vulnerable populations are identified in your county? Are there groups of individuals who have health disparities? Are there issues related to access to care within your county? If so, what are they?
4. Highlight the risk factors for premature death and environmental health concerns seen in you county.
5. Where does your county excel or fall behind in preventive health? Provide examples.
Resources for files below:

https://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dch/programs/healthycommunitiesprogram/tools/pdf/SDOH-workbook.pdf

https://class.waldenu.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/USW1/201830_05/BS_HLST/HLTH_3115_WC/artifacts/USW1_HLTH_3115_Week2-WHO_Social_Determinants_health_exec_summary.pdf

Resources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2137064/

https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/

Explain how culture might impact the care of patients who present with the disorder you selected.

Assignment 1: Application – Protocol for Diagnosis, Matnagement, and Followe of Disorders

As pediatric patients grow from infancy to adolescence, there are many common body system disorders that may potentially present. As an advanced practice nurse caring for these patients, you must understand the pathophysiology and epidemiology of these disorders as this will help you to recognize symptoms and select appropriate assessment and treatment options. In this Assignment, you prepare for your role in clinical settings as you design a protocol for the diagnosis, management, and follow-up care for a common body system disorder.

To prepare:

  • Reflect on the body system disorder that you selected in Week 5. Cystic Fibrosis is the disorder selected.
  • Think about the pathophysiology and epidemiology of the disorder.
  • Consider a protocol for the diagnosis, management, and follow-up care of the disorder you selected.
  • Think about how culture might impact the care of patients who present with this disorder.

To complete:

Write a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following:

  • Explain the disorder you selected, including its pathophysiology and epidemiology.
  • Explain a protocol for the diagnosis, management, and follow-up care of this disorder.
  • Explain how culture might impact the care of patients who present with the disorder you selected.

Note: The School of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The Sample Paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at http://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates). All papers submitted must use this formatting.

.Which variable is most strongly correlated with body mass index? What is the correlational coefficient? What is the sample size for this relationship? 

Week Six – Correlations Exercises

Correlations are used to describe the strength and direction of a relationship between two variables. A correlation between two variables is known as a bivariate correlation. In this module the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation will be used when running a correlation matrix. The Pearson correlation coefficient ranges from a value of -1.0 to 1.0. A correlation coefficient is never above 1.0 or below -1.0. A perfect positive correlation is 1.0 and a perfect negative correlation is -1.0. The size of the coefficient determines the strength of the relationship and the sign (i.e., + or -) determines the direction of the relationship. The closer the value is to zero the weaker the relationship and the closer the value is to 1.0 or -1.0 the stronger the relationship. A correlation coefficient of zero indicates no relationship between the variables.

A scatterplot is used to depict the relationship between two variables. The general shape of the collection of points indicates whether the correlation is positive or negative. A positive relationship will have the data points group into a cluster from the lower left hand corner to the upper right hand corner of the graph. A negative relationship will be depicted by points clustering in the lower right hand corner to the upper left hand corner of the graph. When the two variables are not related the points on the scatterplot will be scattered in a random fashion.

Using Polit2SetB dataset, create a correlation matrix using the following variables: Number of visits to the doctor in the past 12 months (docvisit), body mass index (bmi), Physical Health component subscale (sf12phys) and Mental Health component subscale (sf12ment). Run means and descriptives for each variable as well as the correlation matrix.

Follow these steps using SPSS:

1.Click Analyze, then correlate, then bivariate.

2.Select each variable and move them into the box labeled “Variables.”

3.Be sure the Pearson and two-tailed box is checked.

4.Click on the options tab (upper right corner) and check “means and standard deviations.” The exclude cases pairwise should also be checked. Click continue.

5.Click OK

To run descriptives for docvisit, bmi, sf12phys and sf12ment do the following in SPSS: 

1.Click Analyze then click Descriptives Statistics, then Descriptives.

2.Click the first continuous variable you wish to obtain descriptives for (docvisit) and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click bmi and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click sf12phys and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click sf12ment and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box.

3.Click the Options button in the upper right corner. Click mean and standard deviation.

4.Click continue and then click OK.

Assignment: Answer the following questions about the correlation matrix.

1.What is the strongest correlation in the matrix? (Provide correlation value and names of variables)

2.What is the weakest correlation in the matrix? (Provide correlation value and names of variables)

3.How many original correlations are present on the matrix?

4.What does the entry of 1.00 indicate on the diagonal of the matrix?

5.Indicate the strength and direction of the relationship between body mass index and physical health component subscale?

6.Which variable is most strongly correlated with body mass index? What is the correlational coefficient? What is the sample size for this relationship?

7.What is the mean and standard deviation for bmi and doctor visits?

Part II

Using Polit2SetB dataset, create a scatterplot using the following variables: x-axis = body mass index (bmi) and the y-axis = weight-pounds (weight).

Follow these steps in SPSS:

1.Click Graphs, then click on Legacy Dialogs, then click “Scatter/Dot”.

2.Click “Simple Scatter” and then click “Define.”

3.Click on weight-pounds and move it to the Y-axis box and then click on body mass index and move it to the x-axis box.

4.Click OK.

To run descriptives for bmi and weight do the following in SPSS:

5.Click Analyze then click Descriptives Statistics, then Descriptives.

6.Click the first continuous variable you wish to obtain descriptives for (body mass index) and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click weight-pounds and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box.

7.Click the Options button in the upper right corner. Click mean and standard deviation.

8.Click continue and then click OK.

Assignment:

1.What is the mean and standard deviation for weight and bmi?

2.Describe the strength and direction of the relationship between weight and bmi?

3.Describe the scatterplot? What information does it provide to a researcher?

References 3 references required

 

Required Media

Walden University. (n.d.). Correlations. Retrieved August 1, 2011, from http://streaming.waldenu.edu/hdp/researchtutorials/educ8106_player/educ8106_correlations.html

Required Readings

Gray, J.R., Grove, S.K., & Sutherland, S. (2017). Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Chapter 23, “Using Statistics to Examine Relationships”

Statistics and Data Analysis for Nursing Research

Chapter 4, “Bivariate Description: Crosstabulation, Risk Indexes, and Correlation” (pp. 59–61 and 68–78)

Chapter 9, “Correlation and Simple Regression” (pp. 197–209)

Explain the role of genetics and oncogenes in the      development of reproductive cancers. In addition, examine if genetically linked      reproductive cancers are only seen in women or are they also in men?

Select two of the following discussion questions for your discussion response. Indicate which questions you have chosen using the format displayed in the “Discussion Forum Sample.”

  1. Review the hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovarian axis,      and explain the pathophysiology of PCOS. Explain the role of hormones in      the development of this disorder. How does PCOS contribute to infertility?
  2. Explain the role of genetics and oncogenes in the      development of reproductive cancers. In addition, examine if genetically linked      reproductive cancers are only seen in women or are they also in men?
  3. Mr. Jones, a 60-year-old male, was seen for his yearly      physical. Upon review of his lab results, a high PSA level was seen.      Having heard about the PSA test and correlation to prostate cancer, he is      worried about a diagnosis of cancer. What would you tell Mr. Jones in your      discussion about the lab results?

At least 300 words with at least 2 references no older than 5 years and intext citation. Apa format

It was also noted that that the majority of the papers used were on MSM can you source heterosexual related papers? 

This is revision work.

Revision Comments:

“1) Meet the word count within the sections:

i) Introduction – 700 (currently delete approx 600 w without losing the main idea). ii) Literature Review – 3100 w (add 800 w)

iii) Methodology 1600

iv) Results 1600

v) Discussion 5300

vi) conclusion 700.

[Please ensure that you meet the word count but also, do not exceed the word count]. 

2) In literature review, besides your content also add the points required by the client:

i. Effectiveness of PrEP;

ii. Obstacles to uptake and adherence to PrEP

iii. Benefits of PrEP

iv. The effectiveness of PrEP in preventing HIV infection – with referencing to the authors (Cohen; Galea; Golub; Marcus).

3) Finish QUALITY ASSESSMENT; DATA ABSTRACTION; and DATA ANALYSIS.

4) There should be sufficient amount of reading used with utilizing c’s articles from the “BABA” file [Please strictly follow all the instructions given in the BABA file attached].

5) Harvard referencing required exact page indication – revise in-text citations accordingly. No comma between Author(s) and page is required. (Surname, Surname and Surname 11, 2012)

6)It seems that you have not seen the feedback from the client regarding the content in the messaging system because you did not do what was required for the Methodology section. 7)Please, use these as the paper’s Research Objectives:

i. To determine the efficacy of PrEP in the transmissions of HIV virus among the heterosexual sero-discordant sexual couples.

ii. To measure gender differences in the uptake of Prep.

iii. To measure the safety of PrEP.

8. Please use this as the paper’s Research Question:

i. Is the usage of PrEP effective in reducing HIV transmission amongst individuals of different gender

9) The methodology written is too narrative. Please revise it and follow steps outlined in the attached document [BABA file].

10)There is no explicit inclusion or exclusion criteria, no evidence table showing quality assessment or data abstraction. Add a table showing this evidence and also include an explicit inclusion/exclusion criteria. Please.

11) Add an automated Table of Contents [and also a List of Tables/Figures if need be].

12) Please use this as the aim of the study:

i. The study’s aims to examine the means through which PrEP is used to reduce the transmission of HIV virus among sero-discordant heterosexual couples

13) It was noted that the methods of statistical analysis were not highlighted. Please ensure that you highlight them very clearly so I can see easily

14) It was also noted that that the majority of the papers used were on MSM can you source heterosexual related papers?

15) Please delete the following queries/research objectives (if they still appear in the paper). Just use the ones above:

i.  Is the use of PrEP harmless in humans?

ii.  Does the gender difference affect the outcome of the prep application?

iii. Are the approaches presently employed for PrEP utilization safe to humans? alongside the specific objective section.

[I would appreciate if the draft is amended throughout to reflect this].

16) Lastly, proofread the paper very carefully removing any grammatical errors as well as plagiarism (Check the file titled ‘Originality Report 3’ and revise the highlighted red areas to remove the marked plagiarism).

Please follow all these instructions and do a good job at it. Thank you in advance.

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